The Former Residences of the Great Men

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Xiangjiang River runs through the north and south in Hunan Province. Hunan has a long history, rich of beautiful scenery and historical sites. There are many famous mountains, water, cities and celebrity men in Hunan, only since the founding of the PRC there are 50 great men in Human, such as Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Hu Yaobang, and other famous leaders, looking for the footprints is a preferred journey routes for most Hunan tourists.

Shaoshan is a small city, and has a population of only about 10 million, but Shaoshan has a great reputation, because it is the birthplace of a great man. Thousands of visitors come to visit Shaoshan every year.

There is a “U” shape farmhouse in Shaoshan, it is the birthplace of Mao Zedong, with a total of 18 residence houses, Mao Zedong was born here in December 26, 1893 and spent his childhood and youth, until the fall of 1910 he left to study. Many of the items displayed in the former residence many of the originals, the beds in the bedroom, desks, desk and wardrobe, square tables and benches in the main room, and the large tank and cupboards in the kitchen, stone tools, water tankers and large wooden rake in the chamber etc. all of these have the imprint of Mao Zedong. There is a skylight on the top of the roof. June 1925, Mao Zedong held a secret meeting here to establish the first Communist branch in Shaoshan.

Mao Zedong’s former residence

Mao Zedong’s former residence

Mao Zedong’s former residence

Mao Zedong’s former residence

There is a pond full of lotus in front of the house, called Nanan Pond, about 100 meters away there is a private school where Mao Zedong spent his youth there, that is the South Bank, with a total of 10 houses.

The child was playing the water in front of the lotus pond near the Mao Zedong's former residence.

Di Shui Cave is located 4 km west of Mao Zedong's former residence, it is a narrow valley and surrounded by mountains. As there is spring water dripping from the rocks, so called “Di Shui Cave”.

Mao Zedong's office: the office has a large desk, with a brush holder, ink-stone.

Mao Zedong's bedroom: the bedroom is elegance, clean and quiet, Chairman’s bed is wide and long, there are two desks in the bedroom.
Mao Zedong's bathroom

There is also air-raid shelter, with a shockproof, anti-virus, anti-nuclear explosion and other function, this hole extends into rock about 100 meters long.

Di Shui Cave

Liu Shaoqi's former residence is located in Tanzichong, Huaminglou, Ningxiang County, Hunan Province. November 24, 1898, Liu Shaoqi was born and then spent his childhood and youth here. This house is a civil structure in a courtyard, with mud-brick walls, half of the roof is the small tiles, half is grass. There is a clear pond in front of the house.

Liu Shaoqi Memorial Hall is a national key cultural relics protection unit – a revolutionary museum based on the former residence of Liu Shaoqi, covering an area of 34,000 square meters, including the former residence, memorial, memorial statue and other facilities.

Tanzichong houses are civil structures courtyard farmhouses. Total 21 houses, of which 16 tile-roofed houses, 5 cottages, covering a total area of 800 square meters. 

Liu Shaoqi's former residence is a civil structure courtyard house, covering nearly 800 square meters. There are three courtyards in the middle of house surrounded by lush woods.

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