Wulong Xiannushan – Most Beautiful Location for Leisure and Entertainment

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Quite interestingly to be noted that Xiannushan otherwise known as Fairy Mountain is located in the Wulong county of Shuanghe village, Chongqing city, in Sichuan Province of People's Republic of China. The name Xiannushan is translated to read as Fairy Mountain, named after one of the mountain in the in the ranch looked like a dancing fairy. The main attraction in Wulong is the Fairy Mountain National Forest Park, one of the top ten tourist attraction in China falling under the category of 5A level scenic area.

  
Natural beauty in its full swing:

Wulong situated in the southeastern edge of Chongqing ranches is a small mountain town. Wulong Karst is famous for its peculiar landscape, as you can see various types of natural beauty that you can find in several of part of world. Hence it is considered as China's sixth World Natural Heritage. The beauty of the landscape is bemusing rich with its finest natural artistic beauty. The more you come closer to the Fairy Mountain; you will start loving the scenic beauty that ever.


Xiannushan or Fair Hill, which is officially known as Fairy Mountain National Forest Park is not quite far from Chongqing city. You can reach to the Fairy Hill Park within three hours of driving. The road network service to the Fairy Mountain National Forest Park area is excellent. The newly built Chongqing Fuling expressways, the Fu Wu highway linking to Wulong are great thoroughfare that makes the journey so comfortable. Towards Chongqing City, you can see the Doline Bridge which is located 20 kilometers southeast to Wulong County. The Fairy Hill area is about 100 square kilometers consisting beautiful sceneries. During summer time the maximum temperature will be 18 degree to 20 degree Celsius, which is very much comfortable for tourists.


Transportation to Wulong Fairy Hill:

There are regular bus services to Chongqing Wulong from main cities and you can hope to Wulong Fairy Hill coaches at Chongqing Wulong bus terminal. The journey will be through Yu Fu Express way from Fuling to Wulong country and from there the bus will take you to Wulong Fairy Hill. You need to cover about 200 kilometers, which will take approximately two and half to three hours. The journey to Wulong Mountain hair bend road will be a remarkable experience. The entire stretch of 28 kilometer road is with bends and hair pin roads are smooth but the journey will test your driving skills.

Leisure activities:

Summer time is considered as the best time for visiting Fairy Hill station. Tourists are advised to carry non-slip rubber shoes, which has high grips that will help you to trek the mountains smoothly. The temperature will be normal and tourists can engage in the various leisure activities such as horse riding, grass skiing and other recreation activities. The most important activities in the Fairy Mountain area are visiting Furong Dong Cave entrance, Flying Fox, Boat cruise and cable car trip over the mountain. Pleasant climate, wonderful landscapes and express highway make Fairy Mountain trip an extra ordinary memorable leisure engagement.

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Jinfo Mountain – The Golden Mountain

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Jinfo Mountain is known by different names such as Chin Shan, Chin Fo Shan, Golden Buddha Mountain, Jinfushan, and Jinfoshan. It is the highest peak among the Dalou Mountains. It is situated in the superior reach of River Yangtze which is located in the district of Nanchuan, the popular municipality in Chingqing. This is an isolated mountain that has cliffs to maximum height of three hundred meters neighboring its comparatively flat top. The main types of vegetation in Jinfo Mountain are coniferous forest, sub-alpine meadow and subtropical broad-leaf forest. Apart from the general karst topography seen in gorges, cave systems and stone forests, this mountain is popular for the extra ordinary diversity in plant that counts to nearly four thousand seven hundred and sixty eight plants.




Different types of mountains:

The region near Jinfo Mountain is a great refuge for the animals which are in endangered status in the karst regions like Francois Langur Trachypithecus Francoisi. This area has uncommon karst features as well as superb biodiversity. Therefore, it is been listed from 2001 onwards as a tentative world heritage spot. The Jinfo Mountain is syncline type. The terrace as well as platform is consisted of the Permian limestone specifically in upper portion with nearly two thousand meters above sea level (a.s.l). There is huge amount of karst geomorphologies on the underground or the surface too. The sandstone and Silurian Shale lay in central portion of Jinfo Mountain from thousand meters to one thousand five hundred meters asl. The lowest portion of this mountain is well supported by the dolomite as well as limestone of Ordovician and Cambrian. Lot of micro and small forms of Karst can be seen in this region.


There are lot of gorges and cliffs in the Jinfo Mountain. It is very steep in the northern side while the southern slope of Jinfo Mountain is slight. The Jinfo Mountain geomorphology can be categorized into two main kinds. In the lower portion of Jinfo Mountain, there is a gorge where elevation is approximately eight hundred to one thousand two hundred meters asl. It has a relative height over five hundred meters. It is mainly formed by eroding and water down cutting. The Jinfo Mountain mid platform distributes the entire region above one thousand meters asl of Qingba mountain, Bozhi mountain and Jinfo Mountain. The comparative height is five hundred to one thousand meters. The method of mountain extension is very identical to tectonic line. The mountains’ top is a relic erosion kind. The climate at Jinfo Mountain is subtropical humid monsoon type with annual average temperature nearly 8 degree Celsius.


Travel Tips

The scenic spots of Jinfo Mountain are filled with flowers in April and May. Therefore, it is much appreciated by several tourists. The flower scenery is so lovely and captured by photographers from different parts of the world. The cableway in Jinfo Mountain is a significant means of transportation for travelers to Jinfo Mountain. It has been operated safely for past three years. Chongqing is a picturesque mountain city. Never miss this place! 

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Heishangu Scenic Spot-The Biological Gene Bank

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Heishangu Scenic Spot is situated at the Heishan Town, in Wangsheng District of Chongqing Municipality in People's Republic of China. This tourist attraction spot is 110 kilometer far from the district of Chongqing. The scenic spot is 97 percentage richly blessed with dense forest. For the same reason this is also called as "biological gene bank of Chongqing and Guizhou". In October 2012, this scenic spot is approved as "State 5A-class tourist scenic area". As a result Chongqing became the first five national 5A-class tourist attractions in the People's Republic of China.



Renowned tourist location:

Heishangu is part of the Daloushan Black Mountains the imperial canyon which is also located within the Town of Wansheng known for the virgin, pristine ecological scenic natural environment consisting of five beautiful gorge, seven district, twelve peaks, thirty six bridges, ninety nine small and large waterfalls, one hundred and eight lakes and so many beautiful landscapes. Stretched over 13 kilometer length and height of 1,200 meters summit and large meadow valley which slants at about 70-80 degrees is called as "landscape Tralin holes, odd steep Show You" is interlinked between Chongqing and Guizhou karst is the main attraction of the Black Mountain Valley. This is definitely is 'Yu-Nan Jiuzhaigou" or "Geologic Garden" by all means and hence is renowned location of tourist and leisure activities.



China's most beautiful health Canyon

This area is called as "China's most beautiful health Canyon" because of the natural oxygen bar. The concentration of negative oxygen ions per cubic centimeter is up to 110,000. Which means you will have hundreds of thousands of negative oxygen ions while you breathe from here. This is attributed due to the high concentration of dense forest which is calculated as 97 percentage and the presence of black soil in the Mountain.


There are so many protected plant species you can find in this location and that is the reason why this location is called as "Chongqing and Guizhou Biological Gene Bank" Black Mountain Valley. Some of the protected plants are Cyathea, Ye, Silver fir, Dove and Liriodendraon. Also some of the fragrant fruit trees, Foshan Jin Lan, Gutta, Fuijian Cypress, Toon, Phoebe etc., can be seen here. Some of the rare protected plant beans such as Amentotaxus, Tianma, Huang Bo also can be seen here. Ornamental plants such as Heishangu Alpine Azalea and Wild Cherry are the identity of the biological gene park. In addition to plants, you can see black stork, clouded leopard, pictus, syrmaticus, pangolins, and wild goats etc., which are all falling under the category of protected animals. The presence of amphibians, reptiles, birds, insects and fish etc., contributed richness to the area.


Heishangu Scenic beauty changes along with the four season and in all four season you can see the wonderful Kai King. In winter the location is covered by clouds is something beautiful to watch. In summer the Wanshan Pinnacle Mountain will be quite notwithstanding the busy summer creations. During spring the blooming plants, singing birds gives an awesome feeling of natures wonders take you back to the nature.

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Dazu Rock Carvings – Religious Sculptures

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The Dazu Rock Carvings are well known and magnificent series of religious sculptures as well as carvings related to China. It dated long back from seventh century. These carvings depict the beliefs of various religions such as Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism. It is recognized as a World Heritage spot from 1999 onwards. They are made up of seventy five well preserved sites that contain certain fifty thousand statues, with more than a hundred thousand Chinese characters that form the epigraphs as well as inscriptions. The Dazu Rock carvings are situated in Chongqing Municipality in between the steep mountain hills in Dazu County which is located approximately sixty kilometers from western urban region of Chongqing. The main highlights of Dazu rock grotto can be seen on Beishan Mountain and Baoding Mountain.



Carving represents aesthetic qualities:

The Dazu Rock carvings shows the aesthetic quality of people, their great diversity in the subject matters – religious as well as secular, and also the light shed on Chinese people who lived in that period. These carvings offer an extraordinary proof of harmonious religious synthesis. The Buddhist sculptures are carved mainly one the stone cliffs. The carvings at Dazu County are very special. It covers tiny regions too compared to the ones in Dunhuang, Datong and Luoyang. There is great difference of Dazu carvings from the other sites in terms of preservation state, quality, and variety of styles as well as subjects. Few sculptures are very small while few are large one. Most of them are painted brightly and explains more on moral, historical and religious matters.


Each of the rock carvings in Dazu County can be seen even in the natural light. They are well connected with paths and walkways. The two important spots are Baoding Shan which is sixteen kilometers to northeast and Bei Shan which is located outside the Dazu County.


Travel Tips

One can get a bus at the Caiyuan Ba in the Chongqing Municipality to Bus Station in Dazu County. The bus ticket is only forty five Yuan. There are mainly 2 bus stations in the Dazu County. Get a bus that can take you to Baodingshan. It costs just three Yuan only. In twenty minutes, you will reach the entrance area of Dazu rock carvings area. The admission fee as well as rate for combined ticket varies based on season. The high season is from March to November while low season is from December to February. In high season, the admission fee is 120 Yuan to Baodingshan, 20 Yuan to Shengshou Temple and 90 Yuan to Beishan. In low season, the admission fee is 90 Yuan to Baodingshan, 20 Yuan to Shengshou Temple and 70 Yuan to Beishan.

Combined tickets are available. In high season, it costs 180 Yuan to visit Beishan, Shengshou Temple and Baodingshan, 170 Yuan Yuan to visit Beishan and Baodingshan and 130 Yuan to visit Shengshou Temple and Baodingshan. In low season, it costs just 130 Yuan to visit Beishan, Shengshou Temple and Baodingshan, 120 Yuan Yuan to visit Beishan and Baodingshan and 100 Yuan to visit Shengshou Temple and Baodingshan. The opening hours start from 8.40 am to 5.00 pm. Hurry up!

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Three Gorges – the beautiful Yangtze Gorges

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The Three Gorges is also known by the name – Yangtze Gorges. It is a beautiful region along River Yangtze in China. It is categorized as AAAAA area by National tourism Administration of China. It spans from upriver cities like Yiching as well as Fengjie in western side. The downstream of the three gorges is at Hubei province. This area attracts travelers from different parts of the world because of Three Gorges Dam that is constantly changing environment cum culture of Yangtze River as well as Three Gorges area. This beautiful area of Three Gorges and River Yangtze has a length of nearly two hundred kilometers. In this, one hundred and twenty kilometers is covered by Three Gorges approximately.


Historically significant area:

Even though the Three Gorges area is basically well known for the beautiful scenery, it is a cultural as well as historically significant spot in China. Several archaeological spots and settlements are under submersion from the expanding Three Gorges Dam. The main three gorges are Qutang Gorge, Xiling Gorge and Wu Gorge. The Qutang Gorge has a length of eight kilometers. It ranges from Baidicheng to Daxi. The Wu Gorge has a length of forty five kilometers, ranging from Wushan to Badong. The Xiling Gorge is sixty six kilometers long and it ranges from Zigui to Yichang.


Great impact due to the Hydro Electrical project:

The Three Gorges Dam is the largest dam in the world. It has a hydroelectric power station. The construction of Three Gorges Dam started in early twenty first century. It was built at Sāndòupíng which is in center of Xiling Gorge. In 2006, the construction of reservoir dam was completely finished. The level of water rapidly reached the highest level of one hundred and ten meters over downstream river. The entire dam project was finished by end of the year 2008, even though the ship lift is yet under progress. The reservoir of three gorges dam has a great impact on the people as well as ecology of the area. It involves even the mass relocation of villages and towns. The increase in level of water has changed the beauty of this spot to a great extent. The river appears wider but mountains look lower by this. On the other hand, the mountains do tower over river. The three gorges continue to provide stunning views of the neighboring cliffs.


Main attractions:

The main attractive features in this region are suspended walkways, crystal clear water, and hanging coffins in the Shennong stream. They attain great attention from travelers. There are several riverboat companies which operate in this beautiful area. All these firms experience a great boom due to high demand for the river cruises. The improved width as well as depth of Yangtze River allows the bigger ships via the three gorges. There is a considerable increase in river traffic of every type, including container barges and bulk cargo. The three gorges form a big series of cultural and natural attraction on Yangtze cruise from Chongqing, Yangtze and Yichang.


Travel tips

Mini Cruises are available in three Gorges to explore more. The entrance fee is one hundred and five Yuan only which includes minibus that runs every twenty minutes. Visit three gorges at the earliest! 

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Shanshan – The Mother Pot of Fossilized Creatures

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Shanshan County is also known as Piqan County. It is located in Xijiang Uyghur Autonomous area. This county is under the administration areas of Turpan prefecture. The area of the Shanshan County is approximately thirty nine thousand five hundred and forty eight square kilometers. As per the census reports of 2002, the county possesses a population over two hundred and ten thousand. This tourist destination is named after the old kingdom of Shanshan. This kingdom was in fact situated mainly exterior to borders of the advanced city in Lop Nur region. The seat of the county is Shanshan Town.



Biggest cluster of the fossilized dinosaur tracks in China:

The regional geology as well as desert climate has helped in discovering lot of significant fossil sites in this region, which includes the biggest cluster of the fossilized dinosaur tracks in China. The significant dinosaur sites are well connected with Subhashi Formation which is named after the Subhashi Village and Lianmuqin Formation that is named after Lianmuqin Town. The Subashi Formation is located in Tuyugou Township. The dinosaur site Shanshanosaurus attained name after Shanshan.


Mesa Chelonia:

Form the year 2008 to 2011, a well experienced team of Chinese and German palaeontologists found and examined the huge accumulation of the Jurassic turtle fossils located at a region that they nicknamed as the "Mesa Chelonia". It was almost twenty five kilometres from the town of Shanshan. It is calculated roughly that a minimum of one thousand eight hundred skeletons of different freshwater turtles that are initially found as an Annemys species, had been buried at that spot. This bed of bones has formed as one stratigraphical sheet almost certainly belonging to Qigu Formation. These examiners propose that lot many turtles in cluster congregated in certain water sources in a drought. The turtles died at that region once the last water hole dried out completely. All skeletons were then transported to current spot by debris flow in a disastrous rainfall. It led to formation of Konzentrat-Lagerstätte.

More Jurassic turtle specimens:

As per Walter Joyce, a palaeontologist, Shanshan contains more Jurassic turtle specimens than already found out by science. Each excavated dinosaur fossil has got transferred to the Shanshan Town. In this town, all these fossils are housed in a museum which is undergoing construction work now. In the construction site, 5 well protected mummies of racial Han men who lived during period of Qing dynasty were successfully excavated in 2009 near Flaming Mountains in Shanshan County.


Travel Tips:

As the Shanshan County is well served by National Highway 312 of China as well as Lanzhou-Xinjiang Railway, transportation is very easy. Bus and train services are available regularly. Many people hike from Urumqi to Shanshan. It is just two hundred and eighty kilometres away. A bus or a soft seat train too can be opted as transportation means. It will not take more than five hours then. There are lot many attractions nearby such as the Kumtag desert, Dongda Mosque, Lukeqin Town, the Twelve Maqam, Shanshan Old Field and more. Each spot has distinct features. Never miss any of them!

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Rare Collection of Buddhist Caves - Kizil Caves

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Kizil Caves is also known as Kizil Cave of a thousand Buddhas and Kizil thousand Buddha Caves. These caves are really a collection of Buddhist caves that are rock cut. It is situated close to Kizil Township which is in Baicheng County of Xinjiang in land of China. These are believed to be the most primitive main Buddhist caves in whole China. It was created during the period from the third to eight century. Kizil Caves collection is biggest among old Buddhist cave spots which are linked with old Tocharian kingdom of Kucha. It is even the biggest in Xinjiang. There are various other cave spots in Kucha such as Simsim Caves and Kumtura Caves.



Two hundred and thirty six cave temples!

There are two hundred and thirty six cave temples here which are carved into a cliff that stretches towards east from west for a total length of two kilometers. Among these 236 temples, one hundred and thirty five temples are yet comparatively intact. The most ancient caves are dated on the basis of radioactive carbon dating experiments to almost year 300. Lot of researchers think that Kizil caves were abandoned possibly in the start of eight century after the area was affected by Tang influence. There are lot of documents here that are written in the Tocharian language. Certain caves have Tocharian inscriptions that provide the names of some rulers.



Unique pillar design:

The majority of the caves possess a main pillar design in centre, whereby the pilgrims can do circumambulation about a middle feature that is perfect depiction of stupa. A huge arched chamber is situated in front portion of the column. Similarly, there is a smaller rear chamber situated behind the column along with 2 tunnel-like corridors on its sides. These corridors connect these spaces. The main concentration point in the interior is the three dimensional Buddha image which is specially place in a huge niche in front chamber. However, no sculptures of those times have survived here now. In the rear chamber, there is a parinirvana scene which is in a form of huge sculpture or mural. In certain case, there is combination of mural and large sculpture.

Murals:

Among Kizil caves, there are other kinds of caves too. The main three are viharas or monastic cells, caves with huge image, and square caves. Nearly two-thirds among the caves are monastic cells also known as viharas that are store houses or living quarters of monks. All these caves never have mural paintings in them. In 1906, Kizil Caves was explored by a expedition team from Germany. This team was interested mainly in copying murals. Few were removed from there. Those fragments are currently at Museum of Asian Art located in Berlin. Few fragments are found in museums of US, Japan, Russia and Korea. The murals in Kizil Caves have extensive use of blue pigments that contains very precious ultramarine pigment made from lapis lazuli.



Travel tips


The fee of admission is just fifty five Yuan. The Kizil Caves are regarded as an art crystallization of regional Chinese tradition. Visit Kizil Caves at the earliest to know more! 

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Tian Shan Grand Canyon

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The puzzling Tianshan Grand Canyon is also known by the name - Keziliya Grand Canyon. It is a canyon which is located near the Keziliya Mountain, a main branch of the Tianshan Mountain. This canyon was formed completely by the wind as well as rain for more than many billions of years. The term "Keziliya" refers to red cliff in Uighur language. It is nearly five and half kilometers long from east to west. The mean depth of Grand Canyon in Tian Shan Mountain is one thousand six hundred meters. The canyon is rugged one, but grand in all sense. The mountains of canyon have a reddish-brown appearance. One can find many trenches as well as gullies here. Certain spots are much narrower and difficult to pass. The mountain peaks here are multi colors. There are many stone formations seen here. They are much strange shaped.



Known in various names:

There are many huge sandstone walls in Grand Canyon of Tian Shan, specifically at a distance of seventy kilometers north of Kuqa located in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous area in land of China. This grand canyon which is formed because of erosion by the flash flooding is just a smaller than that in Arizona. It is featured by rocks that are oddly-shaped, pinnacles, deep ravines and rugged cliffs. This canyon possesses several other names too such as sacred snake valley, swan peak, sky worth valley, Red Cliff, skyscraper Cave Valley, lover’s peak, rock of tenterhook and many more.

 

Varying width

The canyon has a specialty. Its width differs along its length. The width of its broadest point is nearly one hundred and fifty feet while the width of narrowest spot is just 1.3 feet. In the narrowest spot, it is just barely sufficient for one person to squeeze through the sideways. There are various cuts in Grand Canyon of Tian Shan. The deepest one is approximately one hundred meters in terms of depth. Nearly one thousand four hundred meters into this great canyon, and at a height of thirty five meters, there is a cave of “a Thousand Buddha”. This fantastic cave was constructed in the period of the Tang Dynasty specifically from 618 to 90. The murals found at this spot are really precious one for the research study to its art history and also history of China.

Red Cliff

When sun shines over the mountains, one can view bunches of burning fires here and therefore this canyon is also known by the name – Red Cliff. While one stands at the bottom part of Tian Shan Grand Canyon, a feeling will be attained as if steep cliffs of canyon will fall down on the person any moment. Thus it will make the person feel dizzy. This canyon is therefore called as mysterious canyon. Travellers to this spot are generally scared of fogs and weird sounds. At canyon’s bottom part, knocking or walking sounds can be heard usually. Certain fogs in ball shape can be commonly spotted rising over cliff tops. Scientists haven’t yet found anything on mystery facts.


Travel Tips


Carry essential clothes that can support well during the visit. This spot can be visited any time. The best is to avoid the foggy season. Flight, train and bus services are available to Xijiang from any part of the world. Visit the mysterious canyon and explore more! 

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The Kurdish Ning Scenic Area

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The Kurdish Ning Scenic Area is a perfect region to all people who search for unspoiled mountain scenery. It is very stunning with a distinct culture. It possesses several authentic cultural encounters being a primary attraction in China. The main features of Kurdish Ning Scenic Area are the hospitable loving and proud people, old archaeological sites, and beautiful rural areas. This area is an attraction located in Xinjiang of China. It is situated east of mountains, nearly eighty six kilometers from the eastern part of the Gongliu County. The most beautiful Squaw Valley trends north south near these mountains for about fourteen kilometers width to minimum of one kilometer. The mean altitude at the Kurdish Ning Scenic Area is approximately one thousand five hundred meters.


Perfect spot for photography

Along the beautiful mountains in Kurdish Ning Scenic Area, the unique appearance is much seen in the ravine. The wide valley at the spot has the mountain peaks that are capped with snow, in a parallel style. There are many transverse grooves here. This region has become as very popular attractive and tourist destination for years. In spring season, the mountains will be covered with lovely flower carpets. In autumn, the defoliation starts. It is really hard to explain the scenic beauty of Kurdish Ning Scenic Area. The extraordinary magnificence mesmerizes every visitor to this region. It is perfect spot for photographers. Thousands of photographers visit every year at Kurdish Ning Scenic Area to capture best images of their lifetime.



Wild grassland and animals

The woodlands and mountains are so beautiful here. The mountains peaks that overlook sunrise and sunset are truly inexplicable by words. The Kurdish Ning Scenic Area is not only loved and explored by tourists, but also by painters as well as photographers. It is recognized as a great source of creativity and fun. There are recreational areas near to this spot. Surrounding these mountains, there is consistent flow of a river that increases the beauty. The forests here are so dense and have lot of wild animals too. This area is having a distinct topography with unique climate. It is more evident in Gangnam Shan Qing. The attractive scenery of wild grasslands in Kurdish Ning Scenic Area holds tourists visiting here for longer period.


The most significant landscapes near to Kurdish Ning Scenic Area are Crow Ridge immortal wall, Dutch Cang Glens Falls, Cameroon Bamber, Dutch cang gorge waterfall, Tikekala GA Yi Lin Hai, Hung Hua Lin, Kuerdening grassland, Dutch Cang Pass and more.


Travel Tips


This Chinese destination can be visited anytime. The spring is best period for photographers to visit to capture the best scenic images. To learn more on the topography, many research students visit this area every year. Flight, train and bus services are available to Xijiang from any part of the world. The Kurdish Ning scenic area is a natural reserve which is never spoiled. The beauty is still preserved here. Each pass at the Kurdish Ning scenic region has distinct features. Visit Kurdish Ning scenic area at the earliest to learn more! 

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Su Gong Tower – The Only One Existing Islamic Tower Of Ancient Era

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Su Gong Tower is also known as Emin Minaret. It is the largest existing ancient tower located in Xijiang of China. It is one and only one Islamic tower existing among several hundred of well known towers in land of China. It is situated neatly two kilometres from eastern part of Turpan. It was constructed in 1777 specifically to honor the great general of Turpan, Emin Khoja. Emin was an extraordinary nationalist who protected the fusion of China in his entire life. The eldest of his eighth sons, died of illness at infancy. Being much influenced, all other sons became great contributors in times of war against the Jungar rebellions.


This tower was constructed by the second son of Emin Khoja with own money. His name was Suleman. For this reason, this tower has got the name Su Gong Ta or SU Gong Tower. When Emin died, the second son inherited the rank of father and became the nest ruler of Turpan. At the opening area of Su Gong Tower, he set up two steles. Over one, there is an inscription written in Chinese. It particularly explains the objective of constructing the Su Gong Tower that it was to express the gratitude towards Qing dynasty and also to honor the exploits of his father. The inscription in Uigur language on the second stele was to express gratitude towards Allah.

Visitors has no full access

The past background this tower possesses if being underlined perfectly by the architectural importance. This tower is nearly forty four meters in terms of height. There are two stories behind this tower. The base of tower has diameter of ten meters. From base, it tapers into the Islamic dome. In middle, there is a pillar which is brick-piled with seventy two steps around and it spirals to highest point. In total, the tower has fourteen openings for lighting as well as ventilation. The lightings are placed in various directions and at different heights. On top, there is one attic that has area of ten square meters. Here, there are big windows in all sides via which one can view the beautiful landscape. It really unfortunate that visitors coming now are not permitted to climb to top because of certain protection reasons.

This lack is perfectly made up by the distinct exterior of Su Gong Tower. The large column which is made of earth and grey bricks appear bit dull but offers best decorative patterns across the globe. The Uigur architects have made use of bricks to create various patterns like rhombuses, waves and flowers. These architects have even given consideration to surroundings. It is well set against the shiny Tianshan Mountain, blue sky and red Flaming Mountain. This tower showcases a perfect building.


Only Existing Tower in Islamic Style

Near to Su Gong Tower, there is a Su Gong Ta Mosque which is a very large mosque located in Xinjiang of China. This mosque has capacity to accommodate thousand people regardless of the unremarkable appearance.


Travel Tips


The fee for admission is just fifty Yuan. It is open from 8.50 am to 8.00 pm. The suggested time for visit is two hours. Visit the only existing Islamic Tower in Xijiang! 

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Jiaohe Ruins – Architectural Wonder

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Jiaohe Ruins is a famous archaeological spot in China. It is found in Yarnaz Valley nearly ten kilometres west of Turpan city in the Xinjiang Uyghur autonomous area. It is recognized as an architectural wonder across the globe. Just as one willow leaf, the old city of Yarkhoto also known as Jiaohe has a history over two thousand years. It is situated between the 2 rivers on loess plateau at the top of a cliff which is more than thirty meters high. Jiaohe is a well preserved, most ancient and largest earthen city across the globe. It is one thousand six hundred and sixty meters long and three hundred meters wide at the widest spot of the Jiaohe Ruins. The area covered by this site is nearly two hundred and twenty thousand square meters.



Said to be home for seven hundred house holds

It is well preserved by the cooperative efforts of Xijiang Cultural Relics Bureau and Nara National Cultural Properties research Institute since the year 1992. The Old city Jiaohe was the capital city of earlier Cheshi State in China. The term Jiaohe has got a perfect meaning in Chinese Language. It implies ‘where two rivers meet’. It is perfect to the location of Jiaohe Ruins. As per the historical records, this Jiaohe city was home of seven hundred households, eight hundred and sixty five soldiers and six thousand five hundred residents.


No wood seems to be used

The Jiaohe city varies much from other old cities of China. There are mainly three features for the Jiaohe city. It has just 2 city gates. One is east gate and other is south gate. The main gate is south gate, but it disappeared long ago and left a big breach. The other gate is cut perfectly by mountain cliff and was non-existent one virtually. The second feature of Jiaohe city is that it faces cliffs on its 3 sides. Therefore, there aren’t any city walls generally seen as in other old cities in China. The third feature is that all buildings in Jiaohe city were dug from earth. There was hardly any use of wood.



Jiaohe Temple

There is a central avenue in Jiaohe city with length of three hundred and fifty meters. It runs towards north from the south gate and divides Jiaohe city into 3 parts such as temples, residences for common people, and houses for aristocrats. In western side of Central Avenue, there are few low buildings that have sparse tiny temples. These low buildings were houses for the commoners. The tall buildings in eastern side were specifically for troops as well as aristocrats. There is a huge well protected Buddhist temple at end of Central Avenue. This temple is known as Jiaohe Temple. It has area of five thousand meters. All relics that are present today feature the architectural style of Tang dynasty. In late eight century, Jiaohe city was tossed into reigns of Turpan, Mongols and Hui. The people fled from shattered city endlessly till early fourteenth century. Now Jaiohe ruins are recognized as attractive spot in China.

Travel Tips

The fee to enter the Jiaohe Ruins is just forty Yuan. The opening hours are from 9.00 am to 6.00 pm. Know Chinese history more by visiting Jiaohe Ruins!


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